No/VOL: 09/2022 Page no. 273
Authors: Ewa Zawadzka , Henryk Brzeziński , Urszula Świtała :
Title: Secondary raw materials in composite products in the automotive industry
Abstract: Since 2018, some collapse in the market of raw materials has been observed, which is manifested by limited and volatile availability of products and an overall increase in prices. In addition, European Union Directives more and more restrictively formulate the rules of waste management and the share of secondary raw materials in products placed on the market. The answer to both issues is to increase the share of recycling in production processes, which in the case of low-molecular materials such as steel, glass and paper is already well recognized and implemented. Such practices are also not a problem for thermoplastics such as polyolefins, polyamides, etc. In the automotive industry, regardless of the type of drive, composites and textiles also have a large share in waste materials. Such materials are currently not recycled on a large scale, and the waste with their content is deposited in the soil or pyrolytically burned with the emission of exhaust gases into the atmosphere.
Key words: composites, recycling, circular economy, automotive